- Human Resource
Kenya has made remarkable progress putting in place an ICT policy framework and implementation strategy, complete with measurable outcomes and time frames. The process has had the benefit of sound advice from officials and stakeholders and, perhaps more importantly, strong leadership from the office of the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Education. However, universal implementation is challenging given the lack of resources, national ICT infrastructure, and even electrical supply – particularly in the rural areas.
According to the session paper no. 1 of 2005, The Ministry’s policy on ICT is to integrate ICT education and training into education and training systems in order to prepare the learners, and staff of today for the Kenyan economy of tomorrow and therefore enhance the nation’s ICT skills. After several years of effort, Kenya promulgated a National ICT Policy in January 2006 that aims to “improve the livelihoods of Kenyans by ensuring the availability of accessible, efficient, reliable and affordable ICT services.” The national policy has several sections, including information technology, broadcasting, telecommunications, and postal services. However, it is the section on information technology that sets out the objectives and strategies pertaining to ICT and education. The relevant objective in this section states that government will encourage “…the use of ICT in schools, colleges, universities and other educational institutions in the country so as to improve the quality of teaching and learning.”